A County Rich in History

Atomic Age in Pike County
Piketon
Pike County changed dramatically in the 1950s with the opening of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant near Piketon. The plant brought with it an increase in the county population as well as infrastructure changes, while attracting new businesses to the area. While the process plant ultimately closed, cleanup work continues at the stie under two separate companies. Fluor-BWXT Portsmouth performs decontamination and decommissioning at the former plant, returning the site to a state usable by future new industries. B&W Conversion Services converts the stored depleted uranium hexafluoride into a form that can be used commercially or disposed of properly.

Barnes Home
1832 Wakefield Mound Road, Piketon
The Barnes Home was initially built in 1803. Both it and the Sargent Home to the north were positioned to overlook Pike County's most elaborate Indian earthworks. In front of the Barnes Home lay the Barnes Works, a complex arrangement of geometric mounds. In 1848 the Barnes and Sargent families hosted Abraham Lincoln, then a congressman, who came to view the ancient earthworks, as well as to network with supporters. The last passenger pigeon ever seen in the wild was shot near the house on March 22, 1900.
Check out pictures of the home on Flickr.

Beaver Valley Historical Socitey
Post Office Box 105, Beaver, Ohio 45613

Chenoweth Family Cemetery
US Rt. 23, Waverly
This is the final resting place for some of Pike County's early settlers.

Eager Inn
Junction of Pike Lake Road and Morgan's Fork Road
This inn was the first stone inn built in Ohio to support overland travel and was built along the Zane Trace trail around 1797. Serving as an inn until 1870, it was one of two stone inns build at 20-mile intervals on the segment of the trail between Chillicothe and Maysville, KY.

Eastern Pike County/German Heritage
Many German immigrants made their homes throughout Pike County during the nineteenth century, including the eastern portion of the county around Beaver and Stockdale. Every year Beaver holds an Oktoberfest to celebrate that heritage, and the Beaver Valley Historical Society provides a year-round link with the area's past.

Eden Baptist Church/PP African American Settlement
Nipgen Road
In the early 1820s, 13 African American families from Virginia, some of whom were former slaves, moved to Pike County's Pebble Township. Due to their skill and farming knowledge, they became prosperous, which angered some of their white neighbors who began harassing them. Some of the families moved away, but other African Americans continued to move to the settlement. They founded a church, which is now known as Eden Baptist Church. Several of the families were involved with the Underground Railroad. The church, which was originally organized in 1824, was established as an anti-slavery Baptist Church. Eden Baptist is still home to an active congregation that celebrated its 190th anniversary in 2014. The PP Settlement thrived until the 1950s when, for economic reasons, residents moved to other communities.

Earthworks of Southern Ohio
Various earthworks in the area.
There are a number of earthworks in this part of Ohio, including Piketon Mound. For more information, including maps, for sites such as Piketon Mound, Serpent Mound, and others, please visit Ohio History Tours

Site of Historic Emmitt House
Corner of Emmitt Avenue and Market Street, Waverly
The Emmitt House, originally build as a hotel by Waverly's pre-eminent 19th century entrepreneur James Emmitt in 1861 along what was then the Ohio and Erie Canal, was lost in a tragic fire on January 6, 2014.

Friendly Grove, Home of Robert Lucas
Zahns Corner Road, Piketon
A prominent local figure, Lucas became an Ohio Senator, Speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives, presided over the 1832 Democratic National Convention, and ultimately was chosen as Governor of Ohio on two separate occasions.

Hamman Church
Piketon
This historic church building has never closed since being built in the 1800s.

Mound Cemetery
Mound Cemetery Road, Piketon
Evidences of Indian inhabitants of the area can be seen at this location.

The Ohio-Erie Canal
Along State Route 104
This well-known mode of transportation had an immediate and lasting impact on Pike County, Waverly in particular. Lasting for 70 years before being replaced by other forms of transportation, the canal's remnants are still visible at Waverly's Canal park and areas alongside Ohio 104 between Waverly and Jasper. A bell from one of the first boats to travel into Waverly - the "Governor Worthington" - is on display at the Pike Heritage Museum.

Pike County Court House
East Second Street, Waverly
Efforts by James Emmitt and other Waverly businessmen to move the county seat from Piketon to Waverly paid dividends in the election of 1861. Following a disputed election, the county seat was moved to Waverly. Emmitt promised if it was moved he would build a new court house which he did, in Waverly where it housed county government offices until the recent opening of the Pike County Government Center.

First Pike County Court House
113 N. Market Street, Piketon
Built in 1844, this building served as the hub of county government until the 1860s. In 1861, Piketon lost a bitter political struggle against James Emmitt and others that ultimately led to the county seat being moved to Waverly. The First County Court House still stands in Piketon with the various offices identified by stone slabs over the windows.

Pike County Genealogy & Historical Society, A member of OGS
P.O. Box 224, Waverly
Email
www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ohpcgs

Pike Heritage Museum
110 S. Market Street, Waverly
Learn about Pike County's past and see relics from different eras at this museum housed in the former German Evangelical & Reformed Church, build in 1859.
The museum is open from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday and Sunday, while tours at other times can be arranged by calling.
(740) 947-5281
Web site

Underground Railroad
Ohio Candle Factory, Piketon
This marker represents part of Pike County's Underground Railroad heritage and will complete the Ohio River to Lake Erie Project begun in 2003.

Unknown Civil War Soldier's Grave
Pike Lake State Park, Bainbridge
A solitary headstone, at the base of a large oak tree below the dam, is a reminder of a life surrendered in Pike County during the Civil War. Wounded and unconscious when he was found, the Union soldier never revived to reveal his name, unit or hometown.

Zion Baptist Church
State Route 335, Beaver Township
This church celebrated its 185th anniversary in 2015. The church was originally organized on Popular Run Road in Jackson County in 1830, prior to moving to Pike County in 1941. The church's first pastor was Rev. Thomas Walker, who came from Bedford County, Virginia, to Ohio in 1823. Many of his descendants still live in the area and attend Zion today.


Pike County has eight historic sites listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Eager Inn ** (added 1974 - Building - #74001597)
N of Morgantown off OH 772, Morgantown
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: No Style Listed
Area of Significance: Architecture
Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849, 1850-1874
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-function: Hotel
Current Function: Domestic
Friendly Grove (added 1970 - Building - #70000513)
OH 220, E of Piketon, Piketon
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering, Person
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: Federal
Historic Person: Lucas,Robert
Significant Year: 1824
Area of Significance: Politics/Government, Architecture
Period of Significance: 1800-1824
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Current Function: Domestic
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling

Jones-Cutler House ** (added 1976 - Building - #76001509)
Bridge St., Jasper
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: Greek Revival
Area of Significance: Architecture
Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Current Function: Domestic

Piketon Historic District ** (added 1974 - District - #74001598)
Also known as Jefferson;See Also:Friendly Grove
Bounded by West and 3rd Sts., U.S. 23, and the Scioto River, Piketon
Historic Significance: Event, Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: Greek Revival, Federal
Area of Significance: Politics/Government, Architecture
Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849, 1850-1874
Owner: Private , Local Gov't
Historic Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Government
Historic Sub-function: City Hall, Single Dwelling
Current Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling

Piketon Mounds (added 1974 - Site - #74001599)
Also known as Piketon Mounds and Graded Way
Address Restricted, Piketon
Historic Significance: Information Potential
Area of Significance: Prehistoric
Cultural Affiliation: Hopewell
Period of Significance: 499-0 BC, 499-0 AD
Owner: Local Gov't
Historic Function: Funerary, Religion
Historic Sub-function: Ceremonial Site, Graves/Burials
Current Function: Funerary
Current Sub-function: Cemetery

Scioto Township Works I (added 1974 - Site - #74001600)
Also known as Seal Township Works
Address Restricted, Wakefield
Historic Significance: Information Potential
Area of Significance: Prehistoric
Cultural Affiliation: Hopewell
Period of Significance: 499-0 BC, 499-0 AD, 1000-500 AD
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic, Religion
Historic Sub-function: Ceremonial Site, Village Site
Current Function: Agriculture/Subsistence
Current Sub-function: Agricultural Fields

Vanmeter Stone House and Outbuildings ** (added 1975 - Building - #75001519)
S of Piketon at jct. of U.S. 23 and OH 124, Piketon
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: No Style Listed
Area of Significance: Architecture
Period of Significance: 1800-1824
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic, Education
Historic Sub-function: School, Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
Current Function: Domestic
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling

Waverly Canal Historic District ** (added 1978 - District - #78002182)
Walnut, North, Emmitt (US 23), Second, Third and Fourth Sts between Lock and East, Waverly
Historic Significance: Event, Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Multiple
Architectural Style: Federal, Greek Revival, Late Victorian
Area of Significance: Architecture, Industry, Transportation, Exploration/Settlement, Commerce
Period of Significance: 1825-1849, 1850-1874, 1875-1899
Owner: Private , Local Gov't
Historic Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Government
Historic Sub-function: Courthouse, Hotel, Single Dwelling
Current Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Government
Current Sub-function: Courthouse, Hotel, Single Dwelling, Specialty Store


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